104.3. Control mounting and unmounting of filesystems

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Configure the mounting of a filesystem. Tasks include manually mounting and unmounting filesystems, configuring filesystem mounting on bootup, and configuring user-mountable removable filesystems.

  • Mount and unmount filesystems manually
  • Configure filesystem mounting on bootup
  • Configure user-mountable, removable filesystems

A note about Device UUIDs

As you saw, on /dev/ we can see hard disks, usb disks and such. But the there is an problem. When you refer to a disk ask /dev/sda2, you kind of say the second partition on the firsrt disk. If you disconnect this device and connect another disk and then connect back the device, it might become /dev/sdc2 or even /dev/sde2. We need a way to point to the exact drive with a persistant name. This is done via UUIDs.

root@funlife:/dev# cat /proc/mounts
rootfs / rootfs rw 0 0
sysfs /sys sysfs rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime 0 0
proc /proc proc rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime 0 0
udev /dev devtmpfs rw,relatime,size=4014804k,nr_inodes=1003701,mode=755 0 0
devpts /dev/pts devpts rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000 0 0
tmpfs /run tmpfs rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,size=806028k,mode=755 0 0
/dev/disk/by-uuid/1651a94e-0b4e-47fb-aca0-f77e05714617 / ext4 rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro,data=ordered 0 0

This UUID is uniq among all devices and this makes it much easier to work with it not only on different sessions on a same machine, but even after connecting it to another computer.

Mounting and Unmounting

  • Describe the linux filesystem concept. A huge tree.
  • There are other kinds of mountings: tmpfs, NFS, ..
  • It is better to mount on empty directories

Basic commands

cat /etc/fstab
mount /dev/sda1 /media
umount /media

Some switches

mount -t ext4 /dev/sda1 /media
mount -o remount,ro /dev/sda1

Get info on UUID and Label and Format

blkid /dev/sda2

Bootup

/etc/fstab

  • file system: Label, UUID, device
  • mount point: swap or none for swap
  • type: can be auto
  • options: defaults, rw / ro, noauto, user, exec / noexec, noatime
  • dump: do dump command backup this? mostly 0
  • pass: Non-zero values of pass specify the order of checking filesystems at boot time (seen in Integrity of file systems)

note: - User-mounted filesystems default to noexec unless exec is specified after user. - noatime will disable recording of access times. Not using access times may improve performance.

swap

swapon
swapoff
swapon -s

← 104.2 Maintain the integrity of filesystems
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104.4 Removed →

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